Italian College Student-Reported Childhood Exposure to Parental Alienation: Correlates With Well-Being

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Titolo: Italian College Student-Reported Childhood Exposure to Parental Alienation: Correlates With Well-Being
A cura di: Amy J. B. Baker, Maria Cristina Verrocchio.
Anno: 2013
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Two hundred and fifty-seven undergraduate psychology studentsin Chieti, Italy completed an anonymous and confidential sur-vey regarding their childhood exposure to parental alienation,psychological maltreatment, and measures of current functioning. Results revealed high levels of reported exposure to parental alienation behaviors by those whose parents divorced or separated and by those who reported that—regardless of marital status—their parents’ relationship was “very bad.” Those with any exposure to parental alienation reported higher rates of parental psychologi- cal maltreatment, lower rates of parental caring, as well as poor functioning with respect to self-esteem, depression, adult attachment styles, alcohol abuse, self-direction, and cooperation. These findings support the theory that parental alienation represents a risk factor for compromised outcomes across the life span.